Do Independent Labels and Major Record Labels Compete on a Level Playing Field When It Comes to Streaming?

According to the written evidence submitted by Dr. Franco Mariuzzo and Dr. Peter Ormosi to the Economics of music streaming inquiry of the UK Parliament, Digital, Culture, Media, and Sports Committee, the answer is no.

Music Streaming: Is It a Level Playing Field?

Our paper argues that fair competition in music streaming is restricted by the nature of the remuneration arrangements between creators and the streaming platforms, the role of playlists, and the strong negotiating power of the major labels. It concludes that urgent consideration should be given to a user-centric payment system, as well as greater transparency of the factors underpinning playlist creation and of negotiated agreements.